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景德镇的瓷器用英语怎么说

景德镇的瓷器用英语怎么说 德镇的瓷器:porcelain in Town of Jinde
  
  而瓷器大致可分为釉下彩瓷、单色釉瓷和彩瓷。「单色釉」最突出的是永乐年(1403-1424),而永乐成功烧制的甜白器,是单色釉瓷器发展的一大成就。而宣德年(1426-1435)是「红釉」和「蓝釉」、成化年(1465-1487)是孔雀绿、和弘治(1488-1505)是黄釉。
  
  而明代彩瓷大致可分为:一、釉上红彩,是在白釉器上以红彩绘画花纹。ニ、青花红彩,是釉下青花和釉上红彩相结合的工艺品。三、斗彩,则是以釉下青花绘画花纹的轮廓,然后填以各种釉上色彩。四、五彩本是各色釉上彩的结合,不过在很多情形下,釉下青花亦成为其中一种颜色,这类五彩器,严格来说应称作青花五彩器,彩瓷需经两次烧制,第一次入窰烧至摄氏度1.100度高温,以稳定胎体、釉下蓝彩和透明釉;第二次入窰烧至摄氏850度低温,以稳定釉上彩料。各种彩瓷之中尤以成化斗彩最珍贵,盛名於世。
  
  Ceramics of the Ming dynasty~The style of the work in ceramics Dynasty,gave way to a more painterly style in the Ming,porcelain is can be classified into three categories,namely underglaze wares,,monochrome wares and polychrome wares,somewhat crowded in composition-as underglaze blue became accepted by the Chinese clientele The success in firing the tianbai(sweet white)glaze during the Yongle(1403-1424)period was a noteworthy achievement in the development of monochrome ware.Among the monochromes,the most celebrated are the blue-glazed and red-glazed wares of the Yongle(1403-1424),and Xuande(1426-1435)periods,the turquoise of the Chenghua period(1465-1487)and the yellow of the Hongzhi period(1488-1505)。The types of polychrome are youshang hongcai(wares painted with iron red over the glaze)qinghua hongcai(wares combining underglaze blue and overglaze iron-red decoration),doucai(wares with an underglaze-blue outline of the design filled in with overglaze–blue outline of the design filled in with overglaze translucent enamels,and wucai(wares decorated in overglaze enamel colours),A variant of Wucai is the use of underglaze blue not merely for outlining,as in doucai,but as part of the decorative scheme with overglaze enamels,this may,strict speaking,be called qinghua hongcai,All these types of poly chrome involved two firings:the first,to a high temperature of around 1.100℃for the paste,the underglaze blue painting where applicable,and the transparent white glaze;the second,to a lower temperature of around 850℃in a muffle kiln in order to fuse the overglaze enamels to the glazed porcelain,of the several types of polychrome wares,the doucai of the Chenghua period,exquisitely painted,is the most highly treasured.
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